J Nerv Ment Dis. Feb;(2) Early effeminate behavior in boys. Outcome and significance for homosexuality. Zuger B. This is a long term follow-up of. Am J Orthopsychiatry. Jan; EFFEMINATE HOMOSEXUALITY: A DISEASE OF CHILDHOOD. HOLEMON RE, WINOKUR G. PMID: The belief that all gay men have characteristics perceived as feminine and that all lesbians have characteristics perceived as masculine is false and based on.
We all know the stereotypes: an unusually light, delicate, effeminate air in and often spoken of directly as harbingers of adult homosexuality. Three-fourths of 44 extremely feminine boys followed from early childhood to adolescence or young adulthood matured as homosexuals or. In this paper an effort is made to explore further the nature of the connection between childhood effeminate behavior and adult homosexuality. Individual signs.
It turns out that what most people perceive as a stereotypical "gay voice" is just a male voice that sounds more stereotypically feminine -- mainly. J Nerv Ment Dis. Feb;(2) Early effeminate behavior in boys. Outcome and significance for homosexuality. Zuger B. This is a long term follow-up of. The neologism sissyphobia designates the fear or hatred of effeminate men, Bergling argues that many “straight-acting” gay men see effeminate gay men as.
Sissyphobia: Gay Men and Effeminate Behavior is a book by gay author Tim Bergling,  published inhomosexuality investigates why some gay men are more masculine than others and why society finds effeminate men objectionable.
And researching this topic, Homosexuality interviewed a number of men, both and and gay,  and analyzed the contents of personal ad anv of dozens of gay newspapers from the US. For example, he found effeminate masculine gay men point to press coverage of gay pride effeminate where only a small percentage of the attendees are drag queensyet the press focuses on the and.
Category:LGBT culture. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Archived from the original on effeminate Retrieved CS1 maint: archived copy as title link. Lesbianeffeminatebisexualand transgender LGBT topics. Homosexuality fields Discourse. Community Culture. Gender effdminate Sexual identities Sexual diversities. Asexual Bisexual Homosexuality Homosexual. Detransition Erotic target location homosexuality Gender and sexual diversity Gender homosexuality Gender essentialism Gender neutrality Gender roles Hermaphrodite Human female sexuality Human male sexuality Intersex Sexuality and and identity-based cultures.
Mollies Urnings. Rights and and issues. And Birth order Demographics Environment Heterosexual—homosexual effeminate Homosexuality and psychology Kinsey scale Klein Grid Neuroscience Prenatal hormones Sexual inversion Sexual orientation change efforts Conversion therapy Sexual effeminate identity Timeline homosrxuality sexual orientation homosexualuty medicine.
This article about a sociology -related book is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by homosexuality it. This article homosexualuty a non-fiction book on lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender topics is a stub.
I too see no support for the notion that binding mothers produce homosexual sons, nor do I see any consistent pattern for absent fathers that I don't also see among heterosexual men in analysis. Isay, who is affiliated with Columbia Psychoanalytic Institute and New York-Cornell Medical School, suggested that the common depiction among homosexual men of an absent, distant father is in fact a defense against an underlying erotic attachment to their fathers.
Green, who is now studying the development of tomboy girls, said the issue for girls who act like boys is very different. Asked to comment on Dr. Green's findings, Dr. Judd Marmor, professor emeritus of psychiatry at the University of Southern California and the University of California at Los Angeles, said that they ''are another indication there is a biological element involved in the genesis of homosexuality, at least for those homosexuals with effeminate qualities.
He added: ''Some children really feel different from earliest childhood; they are born without the aggressive masculinity other boys have. This is not something created by an overprotective mother or an absent or ineffectual father. Although the study involved a relatively small number of boys, Dr.
Marmor, who is a past president of the American Psychiatric Association and an authority on homosexuality, called the research ''most important'' in what it revealed about the development of sexual orientation.
An innate sissiness is ''not the answer to all homosexuality,'' Dr. Marmor said, ''but it is a factor that plays a role in a substantial number of male homosexuals. Boys who participated in Dr. Green's study were first examined in early childhood, when their parents became concerned about the boys' persistent feminine behaviors and dislike of activities boys usually like.
Many of the boys also repeatedly said they wanted to be girls. At the outset, Dr. Green thought he was examining the origins of male transsexuals -boys who grow up thinking they are girls trapped in male bodies and who may later seek sex-change surgery. However, only one of the feminine boys became a transsexual. In an interview, Dr. Green pointed out that the boys he studied were notably different from other children.
While many, if not most, young children - boys as well as girls - occasionally dress up in their mothers' clothes, put on makeup or jewelry, play with dolls or assume the role of the opposite sex in fantasy play, the boys in Dr. Green's study did so almost exclusively. They spurned typical boy games, rough-housing and sports and instead would play with Barbie dolls for hours, frequently don female clothing and nearly always assume a female role when playing house.
Many followed their mothers around the house, mimicking the mothers' activities. The boys and their parents were interviewed every few years, and some were seen several times a year in therapeutic counseling aimed at intercepting the boys' feminine tendencies and encouraging more ''gender-appropriate'' activities.
Parental Actions Cited. Although Dr. Green found no evidence that the parents ''created'' feminine boys many, in fact, had other sons who were normally masculine , certain parental attitudes and actions were correlated with a stronger homosexual orientation. One of the earliest influences was the prenatal desire on the part of either parent, and the father in particular, that the child be a girl.
After the boy was born, the parents often considered their son to be an especially beautiful infant. Even strangers who admired the baby tended to make comments like ''what a pretty little girl. One of the most important factors related to a more homosexual orientation in adolescence and adulthood was how parents responded to the boys when they dressed up as girls and pretended to be girls. Many of the parents, Dr. Green said, thought it was cute and directly or indirectly encouraged the cross-gender behavior.
For example, photographs of the boys dressed as girls were found in many family albums of feminine boys but in none of the albums of the comparison group of masculine boys. No relationship was found between later homosexuality and the amount of time a boy spent with his mother. In fact, many of the feminine boys spent less time with their mothers than did the masculine boys. Nor was there any link to a mother-dominated household. However, less time shared between father and young son was an important factor.
In the first year of life, the fathers tended to spend somewhat less time with their effeminate sons than did the fathers of masculine boys. During the next four years, however, the differences increased. By the time the boys were 3 to 5 years old, fathers of feminine boys were spending significantly less time with their sons than were fathers of the masculine boys.
Child 'Impinges on Parents'. This does not mean, however, that the father rejected the son and that this rejection turned the boy into a sissy. Rather, Dr. Green suggested that the boys' feminine behaviors and rejection of male activities contributed to the fathers' indifference. In an earlier developmental study of 50 effeminate boys seen at a children's psychiatric clinic in Greenwich, Conn.
Bernard Zuger, a psychiatrist, reported that the boys' ''closeness to the mother and distance from the father spring from their own needs. Another factor that interfered with the father-son relationship in Dr.
Green's study was that the feminine boys were likely to be sick more often and more seriously than the masculine boys. In most cases, it was the boys' mothers who cared for them when they were ill, especially if a lot of time was spent in hospitals. This also encouraged a more protective parental attitude toward the feminine boy. And the same holds for gay men. In their report, Bailey and Kenneth Zucker revealed that, in retrospective studies the second method used to examine the relation between childhood behavior and adult sexual orientation, in which adults simply answer questions about their childhoods 89 percent of randomly sampled gay men recalled cross-sex-typed childhood behaviors exceeding the heterosexual median.
Numerous studies have since replicated this general pattern of findings, all revealing a strong link between childhood deviations from gender role norms and adult sexual orientation. Although gender-atypical behavior in childhood is strongly correlated with adult homosexuality, it is still an imperfect correlation.
Not all little boys who like to wear dresses grow up to be gay, nor do all little girls who despise dresses become lesbians. Speaking for myself, I was rather androgynous, showing a mosaic pattern of sex-typical and atypical behaviors as a child.
In fact, by thirteen, I was already deeply socialized into masculine social norms; in this case, I took to middle school wrestling as a rather scrawny eighty-pound eighth grader, and in so doing I ironically became all too conscious indeed of my homosexual orientation. Intriguingly, cross-cultural data published by Fernando Luiz Cardoso of Santa Catarina State University in a issue of Archives of Sexual Behavior showed that young prehomosexual males are attracted to solitary sports, such as swimming, cycling, or tennis, over rougher contact sports, such as football or soccer—and also that they are less likely to be childhood bullies.
I distinctly recall being with the girls on the monkey bars during second grade recess while the boys were in the field playing football, thinking to myself that that was rather strange. Another caveat is that researchers in this area readily concede that there are probably multiple—and no doubt very complicated—developmental routes to adult homosexuality. Heritable, biological factors interact with environmental experiences to produce phenotypic outcomes, and this is no less true for sexual orientation than it is for any other within-population variable.
Whatever the causal route, however, none of this implies, whatsoever, that sexual orientation is a choice. In fact it implies quite the opposite, since prepubertal erotic experiences can later consolidate into irreversible sexual orientations and preferences, as I discussed in a previous piece on the childhood origins of fetishes and paraphilias.
I appreciate the anti-discriminatory motives, but if we insist on using such politically correct parlance without consideration of more complex, postnatal developmental factors, are we really prepared to label newborns as being LGBT? Then we arrive at the most important question of all. Why do parents worry so much about whether their child may or may not be gay? If researchers eventually perfect the forecasting of adult sexual orientation in children, what are the implications?
Would parents want to know? In this column presented by Scientific American Mind magazine, research psychologist Jesse Bering of Queen's University Belfast ponders some of the more obscure aspects of everyday human behavior.
Bering on Facebook or follow JesseBering on Twitter and never miss an installment again. For articles published prior to September 29, , click here: older Bering in Mind columns. The views expressed are those of the author s and are not necessarily those of Scientific American. To learn more about Jesse's work, visit www. You have free article s left. Already a subscriber? Sign in. See Subscription Options.