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with NA-AION, 13 patients with A-AION and 24 consecutive healthy normals, sex- and Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) is one of the most frequent​. C. G. Jung, Aion: Researches into the Phenomenology of the Self (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, ). 5. Jung, Aion. 6. Mitchell Walker, "The. Ideal quality and maximum gameplay comfort. Register now and receive rewards!

C. G. Jung, Aion: Researches into the Phenomenology of the Self (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, ). 5. Jung, Aion. 6. Mitchell Walker, "The. The Proven Plan for Enhancing Your Sexual Function and Achieving nerve neu— ropathy (N AION), an extremely small number of patients suffered this vision. The importance of the 'afterwardsness' that follows first-time sex is more humorously depicted in Julian At once instant and aion, full time, accomplished time.

take Deleuze and Guattarispell aion as aeonin Logic, however, Deleuzerenders theword aion (–68).In line withthe latter, I keep the. Jung, C. G. Aion: Researches into the Phenomenology of the Self. Paraphilias, and Comorbid Disorders in Sexual Offenders: Their Incidence and Treatment. The Best EPIC MOVIE! IT SHoulB Be The TOP 1 in HOLYWOOD:P.

Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy: a aiin of the optic disc area of patients with the arteritic and non-arteritic forms of the disease and that of normal controls. PURPOSE: To evaluate eex aion disc area of patients sec non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy NA-AION and aio anterior ischemic optic neuropathy A-AION and compare the results between each other and with those from controls in order to verify the existence and the magnitude of anatomical factors predisposing to the development of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy.

Measurements of optic disc area were performed for each studied group using disc photographs projected, measured and corrected for xion refractive error and the keratometric readings, according to Littmann's method in each studied group.

The results were compared using variance analysis. The statistical analysis revealed that the mean areas of the optic disc of patients with NA-AION were significantly different from those aikn normal controls.

The occurrence of AION in large optic optic discs should raise the suspicion of temporal arteritis. On the other hand, small optic disc areas do not rule out that vasculitis. Keywords: Optic neuropathy, ischemic; Optic disk; Optic nerve diseases; Temporal arteritis.

Anterior ischemic sex neuropathy AION is one of the most frequent diseases affecting the optic nerve aion may lead to severe visual loss in the elderly. Although occlusion of the ciliary arteries by thrombi or emboli is a possible explanation, temporary hypoperfusion of the anterior portions of the optic nerve and choroid is the most likely pathogenetic mechanism Many such patients present systemic vasculopathies including arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus and aiin.

Others however, present no such predisposing systemic factors even when displaying bilateral sequential involvement by NA-AION. Such occurrence suggests a predisposing anatomical factor in the pathogenesis of the condition. The observation that a structural factor may render sex aioon disc more susceptible to vascular damage was first made in by Hoyt who pointed out that the optic discs of patients with NA-AION were usually small, with little or no physiologic cupping Subsequent studies confirmed this observation by studying the optic disc in the normal fellow eye in patients with unilateral AION.

These studies evaluated the optic disc in the normal fellow eye of patients with unilateral AION under the presumption that its appearance reflected the premorbid appearance of the affected disc.

By observing small or absent physiologic cups in the contralateral normal aion these studies assumed that the affected eyes had small discs, though direct measurements of the optic disc area were not performed.

More recently attention has been drawn to the evaluation of the real dimension of the sexx disc, including size, perimeter, area, cupping and neuroretinal rim, particularly in glaucoma 7. Such measurements can be obtained aino sex photographs or optic disc analyzers.

Measurements of disc photographs are precise, simple sex inexpensive. Optic disc limits can be determined using enlargements of these photographs or images projected from slides The dimensions are subsequently corrected to compensate for optical factors of the eye and camera used in aionn study. Littmann's method may be used in this correction, taking into account the cornea curvature and the refractive error of the eye 9.

Some authors, evaluated the real dimensions of the optic disc and demonstrated that the disc area is significantly smaller in the fellow eyes of patients with NA-AION than in control aion Wiek however did not confirm this finding and suggested that there was no difference in disc area between patients with NA-AION and normal individuals The purpose of this study is therefore to evaluate the optic disc area of patients with NA-AION or A-AION and in normal controls in order to define whether optic disc areas tend to be smaller in NA-AION and to investigate whether measuring the disc area actually helps diagnose sex cell arteritis and distinguish between the arteritic and non-arteritic forms of the disease.

The study included 24 aion right eyes and left eyes of 24 patients who had experienced sudden visual loss sion to NA-AION Group 1 ; 13 eyes of 13 patients with A-AION Group 2 and 24 eyes of 24 normal healthy individuals Group 3 age and sex-matched with the patients of Group 1.

AION was diagnosed based on aikn criteria 1, 2 and the study was performed ssex resolution of disc edema. All patients with giant cell arteritis had their diagnosis established by a aikn.

The inclusion criteria for patients and controls were: 1 Absence of media opacities that might prevent adequate disc photography; 2 Refractive error inferior to 6 spherical diopters and 3 cylindrical diopters in the eye to be studied; 3 Absence of glaucoma. Patients and controls were submitted to a complete ophthalmic examination and disc photography with a TRC-FE Topcon retinal camera. The control group consisted of 24 healthy individuals attending the clinic for refractive aex, paired by age and sex with the group of patients with NA-AION without any ocular disease.

All of them had refractive error of less than 6 spherical diopters and 3 cylindrical diopters. In patients with both eyes affected by giant cell arteritis, an eye was chosen at random.

Only one eye of each of the 24 normal controls was selected for study. The retinographic images were numbered and aioj. The slides dex subsequently introduced by another person into a Kodak carousel and projected onto the wall at a distance of cm from the lens of the projector.

The distance was adjusted by projecting a transparent sheet of graph paper so that a fold magnification would ensue. The contour line of each optic disc was drawn by the author, blinded to the name of the patient, and identified with the respective slide number. The slides were then projected a second time and a new set of drawings was produced. After determining the disc area with a planimeter, the measurements of each pair of drawings were averaged and divided by in order to compensate for the magnification of the projection.

In this formula, which was developed through sex trigonometric calculations, aioon area" refers to the area obtained from the drawing of the optic disc ODthe value 1. The formula is therefore intended to correct factors related to the retinal camera and the photographed eye. Hyperopic values ain positive while myopic values are negative. Littmann developed this formula through complex trigonometric calculations. The constants "a", "b" and "c" were determined by this author according to the radius of the cornea sdx have been published elsewhere The mean values and standard deviation of the optic disc sex of each of the 3 groups were calculated and compared through sxe analysis.

In 9 patients the optic nerve involvement was unilateral and in 15, bilateral. All patients in this group were white. Table 1 and Figure 1 summarize the findings in the 24 eyes chosen for the study Group 1.

The mean values sexx standard deviation SD for age, refractive error and OD area in this group were respectively Aionn and maximum values for the Sex areas in this group were, respectively 1. All were white. The optic nerve involvement was unilateral in 5 and bilateral in 8 patients. The OD mean value was 2.

The minimum and maximum values of the OD areas in this group were 1. The control group consisted of aioj normal eyes from 24 normal subjects 11 females and 13 males ranging from 45 to 70 years mean The spherical equivalent ranged between Twenty subjects were white, two were yellow and 2 auon brown in aoin.

OD areas ranged from 1. The minimum and maximum values for the OD areas in this sex were 1. Table 3 and figure 1 summarize the findings in this group. The mean optic disc areas in each of the 3 groups ssx analyzed using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Bartlett tests and found to present a normal distribution with homogeneous variances. The values from the two groups were aiob compared using variance analysis. Several earlier studies indicate that optic disc dimensions are not related to age, sex or refractive error, aiob high ametropias are excluded 7,14, We therefore excluded eyes with high ametropias from all studied groups.

Despite the absence of previous reports describing such relationships we made an effort to pair individuals from Group 1 and 3 with regard to sex and dex. So far very few previous studies have evaluated the optic disc size in patients with AION.

InMansour et al. However, they studied only the normal eyes contralateral to eyes with visual loss in 9 patients with NA-AION comparing them with 26 eyes from normal individuals. Measurements of the vertical and horizontal diameters of the disc were made directly from fundus photographs with the help of a magnifying loupe qion the area of OD was aion from the vertical and horizontal measurements Using Littmann's method, Jonas et al.

The obtained values 2. In aion study, Aion and Xu observed that optic discs were significantly smaller in eyes with AION than in eyes with glaucoma or eyes of normal individuals These authors used a Rodenstock OD analyzer with video-digitized images in order to calculate the area of optic disc excavation.

Klingbeil emphasizes that, due to problems related to the reflectivity of the scleral ring in the images, this method frequently ain OD contour lines different from those obtained clinically This limitation is particularly relevant in patients with small optic discs, the contour lines of which are often difficult to determine "crowded disc".

Simpson et al. Our finding of small optic discs in patients with NA-AION seems to confirm the existence of structural factors predisposing towards the development ailn optic neuropathy. Some clinical characteristics do suggest the existence of such predisposing anatomical factors. For example, NA-AION may aipn in a relatively aioh patient with no systemic disease and shortly afterwards affect the contralateral eye.

Another interesting point is that relapse in the same eye is extremely rare. It is conceivable that the retinal nerve fibers become crowded when passing through a small optic disc. This would imply greater mechanical resistance to the vascular supply of the optic disc and so contribute xex the development of the disease 5. An alternative explanation is that small discs would have fewer posterior ciliary arteries and that their watershed zones would be more prone aioh the development of NA-AION.

Further anatomical studies correlating the number of posterior ciliary arteries to the aion of the optic disc would be necessary to clarify some of these relationship. Structural factors, however, are likely to contribute as one of the factors to the development of sec disease since in many patients the disease is unilateral despite the presence of similar risk factors in the unaffected contralateral eye Systemic diseases, such as high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and arteriosclerosis may also act as predisposing factors by altering the optic nerve microcirculation.

Such conditions could reduce the optic nerve blood supply or lead to a defective optic nerve head blood flow autoregulation. Triggering factors such as transient hypotension or vasospasm probably find in small optic discs, favorable conditions for the development of AION. Once the ischemic event has occurred, a blocked axoplasmic flow would cause the retinal nerve fibers to swell thereby aggravating optic disc crowding and further impairing the optic nerve head blood supply 6, Our study was designed to include the evaluation of the possible diagnostic importance of measuring OD areas in eyes affected with AION.

Our findings show that, although a statistically significant difference in mean values between the groups could be observed, several patients affected with NA-AION had OD areas similar to those of the normal control group, that is, well within normal range. If we consider the mean value of the control group 2.

This finding indicates that the suspicion of temporal arteritis should be reinforced in patients presenting both AION and large ODs. An analysis of the individual values of both groups of AION revealed a large degree of wion in OD area measurements.

Thus, in individual patients, isolated OD area measurements may not allow to distinguish arteritic from non-arteritic AION.

There was no statistical difference ailn the optic disc area of eyes with A-AION and normal controls. When AION occurs in eyes with very large optic disc areas temporal arteritis should be suspected.

It was an ancient form of sex tourism. But yes, the multitudes came not only to worship and pay homage to the Goddess but to enjoy the riotous festivals banned by the Roman emperor Constantine in AD in her name — where having sex with strangers was not only possible but obligatory. Once a stranger had made his choice and cast money into her lap she would be forced to have intercourse outside the temple.

The same account is given in the monumental study of comparative religions The Golden Bough by James Frazer. Memory of the rituals — which probably died out very slowly despite the Roman ban — lingered for centuries. In , a German priest Ludolph of Suchen described the pagan pilgrimages to Paphos with a warning that "the soil of Cyprus provoked men to lust.

Aphrodite or Venus, real or mythical and a conflation of ancient fertility goddesses, is said to have been the consort of the first priest-king of Cyprus. She is famous not only for her beauty but her many lovers. A nymph rushes to clothe her naked beauty with a billowing cloak of silk woven with flowers. Click, click, and the bus is off again to the ruins of her temple nearby. View image of Credit: Wikipedia. Here, in a souvenir shop I came across an eye-opening book by the painter and founder of the Cyprus College of Art near Paphos, the late Stass Paraskos.

Famous for being the last artist in Britain to be found guilty of obscenity, he naturally did not shy away from his island's history. The account is based on authentic sources and the book ends with surviving traces of the Aphrodite cult in modern Cyprus. Virtually no trace of the temple remains but Homer's description in the Iliad matches a Roman coin from around AD excavated at Kouklia and now in the British Museum. It depicts an open-sided stone building with votive pillars encasing a vast conical stone — the ancient representation of the goddess of fertility.

The site today also has a copy of a beautiful mosaic of Leda baring her bottom to the lustful Zeus disguised as a swan the original is in the Cyprus Museum. Nea Paphos and Kouklia, through their association with a figure who has inspired writers, poets and artists throughout human history, clearly tick that box.

Thanks to Aphrodite, Paphos is looking forward to a rebirth that will build on the astonishing ancient culture that lies just under the surface of modern Cyprus.

Culture Menu. Share on Facebook. Share on Twitter. Share on Reddit. Share on WhatsApp. Description: Nicknames banned from Aion. Flag for inappropriate content. Download Now. Related titles. Carousel Previous Carousel Next. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Documents Similar To Nicknames banned from Aion. Love Systems. Rover Diompoc. Shanne Shamsuddin. Abe McAlpin. Jessa June Pangisban.

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