Sexual assaults in sweden

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The percentage of people in Sweden who say they have been victims of sexual offences - ranging from online harassment to rape - nearly doubled between. In , Sweden adopted a new consent-based law on sexual working methods for investigations of sexual offences against adults and. Last week the Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå) released Collecting information for rape and sexual assault in Sweden.

The first in-depth study of Swedes' sex habits in more than two decades reveals that while most people are satisfied with their sex life, harassment and assault. In , Sweden adopted a new consent-based law on sexual working methods for investigations of sexual offences against adults and. The Swedish Crime Survey (SCS or Nationella trygghetsundersökningen . Women were victims of sexual offences significantly more often than men and there.

The percentage of people in Sweden who say they have been victims of sexual offences - ranging from online harassment to rape - nearly doubled between. While rapists enjoy this apparent impunity, the Swedish authorities' sexual assault allegations against Assange, although he has not been. Swedish national TV says 58% of men convicted of rape in the past five so no conclusions could be drawn on the role of immigrants in sexual.






The total number of convictions for sexual offences, which includes rape but also less severe crimes such as buying sexual services, was The first statutory law against rape in Sweden dates back to the 13th century. It was considered a serious crime, punishable assaults death until Rape is one of the most serious sexual crimes. Whoever by force or threat forces sweden person to a sexual act that seriously insulting sentenced for rape to imprisonment for between two and six years.

The penalty for rape is imprisonment for not less than four and not more than ten years. The sexual act can be intercourse, but also other sexual acts because of coercion or other circumstances are serious offensive can lead to a person sexual of rape.

Anyone who exploits someone who is asleep, unconscious, drunk sweden under the influence of another drug, mentally disturbed, sick or otherwise is in a particularly vulnerable situation, was also convicted of rape.

In Sweden, case law also plays sexual important role in setting precedent on sweden application of the legislation. For example, a ruling by the Supreme Court decided that digital penetration of the vagina, on a assaults who is intoxicated or sleeping, shall be regarded as an sexual act comparable to sexual intercourse, and is therefore an act of rape.

Ever since the collation of crime statistics was initiated by the Council of EuropeSweden has had the highest number of registered rape offences in Europe by a considerable extent. InSweden registered almost three times the average number of rape offences registered in 35 European countries.

However, this does not necessarily mean rape is three times as likely to occur as in the rest of Europe, since cross-national comparisons of crime levels based on official crime statistics are problematic, due to a number of factors described below.

There are three types of factors that determine the outcome of crime statistics: statistical factorslegal factorsand substantive factors. Unlike the majority of countries in Europe, crime data in Sweden are collected when the offence in question is first reported, at which point the classification may be unclear.

In Sweden, once an act has been registered as rape, it retains this classification in the published crime statistics, even if later investigations indicate that no crime can be proven or if the offence must be given an alternative judicial classification.

Sweden also applies a system of assaults offence counts. Other countries may employ more restrictive methods of counting. The Swedish police registers one offence for each person raped, and if one and the same person has been raped on a number assaults occasions, one assaults is counted for each occasion that can be specified.

For example, if a woman says she has been raped by her husband every day during a month, the Swedish police may record more than 30 cases of rape. In many other countries only a single offence would be counted in such a situation. In Sweden, crime statistics refer to the year when the offence was reported; the actual offence may have been committed long before.

Swedish rape statistics can thus contain significant time-lag, which makes interpretations of annual changes difficult. The way the crime itself is defined and various related aspects of the judicial process affect the registration of offences sweden the official statistics. In Sweden, the definition of rape has been successively widened over the years, leading to an ever-larger number of sexual assaults being classified as rape.

Changes in the legal process has also affected the number of reports. Untilrape was only prosecuted in cases where the victim was prepared to press charges, with an sweden restriction sexual a six months time limit. This resulted in numerous cases of rape and sexual assault going unreported. The Swedish sexual system is sexual by the principle of legality and the "equality principle", which means that as a rule, the police and the prosecution service are required to register and prosecute all offences of which they become aware.

This can be assumed to lead to a more frequent registration of offences than in systems with the inverse "expediency assaults, where the classification of offences is negotiable on the basis of plea bargainingand the prosecutor has the right not to prosecute, even when a prosecution would be technically possible.

Willingness to report crime also affects the statistics. A police force and judicial system enjoining a high level of confidence and a good reputation with the public will produce a higher propensity to report crime than a police force which is discredited, inspires fear or distrust. The findings of the International Crime Victims Survey ICVS indicate that the respondents' satisfaction with the police is above average in Sweden, with almost no experience of corruption.

Widely differing legal systems, offence definitions, terminological variations, recording practices and statistical conventions makes any cross-national comparison on sweden statistics difficult. Large-scale victimisation surveys have been presented as a more reliable indicator. The high number of reported rapes in Sweden can partly be explained by the comparatively broad definition of rape, the method of which the Swedish police record rapes, a high confidence in the criminal justice system, and an effort by the Government to decrease the number of unreported rapes.

The UNODC itself discourages any cross-national comparisons based on their reports, because of the differences that exist between legal definitions, methods of offense counting and crime assaults. In Sweden there is a comparatively broad definition of what constitutes sexual. This means that more sexual crimes are registered as assaults than in most other countries. For this reason, criminologists tend to recommend crime comparisons between countries based on large surveys of the general public, so-called victim surveys.

In the 5 preceding sweden there were escalating levels compared to the — period where the level was relatively stable. The increase in self-reported victimisation was greater among women than among men. While the number of male victims assaults largely constant over the timespan see graph.

The sexual polls for incidents which would equate to attempted sexual assault or rape according to Swedish law. According to a London Metropolitan University study infunded by the European Commission Daphne Programme—primarily focused on attrition, the process by which rape cases fail to proceed through the sexual system— Sweden had the highest number of reported rapes in Europe almost twice that of England and Wales, based on UNODC figuresthat may or may not be attributed to the fact that in assaults has been reform in sweden sex crime legislation.

That change in the legislation applies for rapes reported in and but it doesn't apply for the previous rapes reported in, and before the change and when the reported rapes in Sweden were still the highest in Europe. The authors of the study questioned the accuracy of the data provided by the countries reporting low instances of rape. They also noted that a widening of the definition of rape in law; procedural rules which require police to record all reports, a confidence in the criminal justice system and a greater willingness among Swedish women to report rape in relationships could account for the relative high number of reported rapes in Sweden.

The low conviction rate could be explained by the reduced legal distinction between rape and permitted intercourse, leading to greater challenges for the prosecution to prove its case, according to Petter Asp, Professor of Criminal Law at Stockholm University. In Marchnewspaper Expressen investigated gang rape court cases from the two sexual years and found that there were 43 men having been convicted.

Their average age was 21 and 13 were under the age of 18 when the crime was committed. Of the convicted, 40 out of the 43 were either immigrants born abroad or born in Sweden to immigrant parents. The median age of the victims was 15, while 7 out of 10 perpetrators were between 15 and Sexual Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Further sexual Swedish rape statistics. Main article: Gang rape. Retrieved 10 June Retrieved 29 March Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 14 May BBC News. Uppsala University. Retrieved 15 May Swedish National Sexual for Crime Prevention.

Retrieved 27 May Retrieved SVT Nyheter in Swedish. Archived from the original on 22 August Sveriges Radio. Bloomberg News. Government Offices of Sweden. Retrieved 20 June London Metropolitan University. Retrieved 10 July The Riksdag. Swedish Prosecution Authority. Retrieved 30 March European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research.

Retrieved 15 July Lund: Studentlitteratur. More or Less: Behind the Stats. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 13 October Retrieved 29 April Amnesty International. Assaults from the original PDF on 20 October The Swedish mode of recording is sometimes referred to as 'extensive counting', since the crime statistics cover reported acts of rape.

If a woman reports that she was subjected to several rapes by a group of men, or to repeated rapes on different assaults by one and the same man, each rape will be registered as a separate offence in the Swedish crime statistics. Furthermore, if a woman is subjected to repeated rapes during the same day by the same perpetrator, this may be registered as one or several crimes, depending on whether it is possible to distinguish each separate act.

Sweden from the original on sweden February The Oxford handbook of crime and criminal justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. International Crime Sweden Survey. Retrieved 11 July Different systems, similar outcomes? Please note that when using the figures, any cross-national comparisons should be conducted with caution because of the differences that exist between the legal definitions of offences in countries, or the different methods of offence counting and recording.

Archived from the original on 14 July Retrieved 20 May sweden Al Jazeera.

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Swedish music festival cancels next year's event amid rape reports. The survey includes a sample of , people. In the SCS , approximately 73, people from the sample participated. The method for the SCS was revised in , as the collection procedure was changed from mainly telephone interviews to postal questionnaires or Internet questionnaires, and that the selection was expanded and some of the questions were reformulated.

Since a main purpose of the SCS is to be able to make comparisons over time, a method has been developed to enable the results for the period — to be compared with — All the descriptions of the development over time for the results described in the report are thus probably unaffected by the method change. This is important to emphasize, since the purpose of the study is to study the development over time and to compare different groups in the population, rather than estimating exact levels.

Victimisation was investigated for the calendar year preceding the date on which the question was asked. This means that the victimisation reported in the SCS reflects victimisation during Victimisation in terms of offences against an individual is reported as the percentage of victims, unlike victimisation in terms of property offences against households, which is reported as the percentage of victimised households.

Self-reported victimisation of various types of offences against an individual. Source: SCS This is an increase as compared with the preceding year in the proportion was The type of offence that had the highest proportion of victims according to the SCS was threat 9. The proportion of victims has increased for almost all types of offences against an individual compared to The exceptions are sexual offences and pickpocketing. Seen over a longer period of time, it is the self-reported exposure to sexual offences that have been most evident in recent years, as the proportion who state this victimisation clearly increased up to and including In the latest measurement, instead, a decrease is seen and it remains to be seen if this is the beginning of a downward trend.

The proportion of people who state that they have been victims of threats and robberies has increased annually from , and even for assault an increasing trend is noted, as the proportion has increased for the third year in a row. Most persons who state that have been a victim of offences against an individual state that they were victimised once during , while Individuals in this group count for almost three quarters The percentage of individuals who state that they were a victim of assault in is 3.

The level is slightly higher than in , when 3. The trend for the period — was one of a weak decline although with some yearly variations, but the last three years show a slightly increasing trend. Men were victims of assault more often than women and victims of assault were most commonly in the 16—19 age bracket.

For , 9. Threat offences remained at a relatively stable level for most of the measurement period — , but since an increasing trend has been noted.

Men were victims of threats more often than women and victims of threats were most commonly in the 16—19 age bracket. For , 6. This is a decrease since 6. Women were victims of sexual offences significantly more often than men and there are large differences between different age groups.

Among women, the proportion is greatest in the age group of years, where For , 8. This is a clear increase since , when the proportion was 5. From to , the proportion of people exposed to harassment declined gradually.

Since then, the proportion has increased for almost all measurement years. Women were victims of harassment more often than men and victims were most commonly among the youngest age bracket aged 16— For , 2.

For , 5. The percentage is greater than , when 4. This is also an increase from Men were victims of sales fraud more often than women. The greatest percentage of victims was in the 35—44 age bracket. This is a higher level than , when the percentage of victims was 5. This is a decrease from , when the proportion was 2. There were no differences between men and women regarding the proportion who were exposed. The greatest percentage of victims was in the 16—19 age bracket. Self-reported victimisation of various types of property offences.

The SCS shows that This is an increase from when the percentage of victimised households was However, the proportion has decreased if you look at developments since The most common property offence is bicycle theft Exposure has increased in terms of theft out or from vehicles and bicycle theft compared to , while the proportion remains at the same level as if you look at home burglaries and car theft.

The property offences that have had the most significant development since are the car-related crimes, which have declined significantly. An majority of those who were victims of property offences against households state that they were victims once in , while a smaller percentage of the victimised households 6. This group was exposed to In , 1.

This is at the same level as in both and The proportion of households that have been exposed to burglaries varied for most of the measurement period around a relatively stable level, but in the level increased somewhat, and the proportion has remained at the slightly higher level since then.

The proportion declined significantly during the period , but in the proportion increased slightly, The percentage has since remained relatively stable at that level, which despite the increase, is nevertheless considerably lower than when the measurements started.

The percentage of households that were victims of theft out of or from a vehicle was 4. This is a slight increase from , when the proportion was 4. During the period —, the percentage of households that were victims of theft out of or from a vehicle declined dramatically and victimisation has thereafter remained at a relatively stable level. In , This is an increase compared with last year, when The level of the proportion of households exposed to bicycle thefts has remained relatively stable throughout the measurement period.

Measuring fear of crime is complicated, but the SCS can contribute by providing a number of key indicators on the subject. The reference periods reflected in the chapter on fear of crime vary, depending on the type of question.

Questions about concern for various types of offences refer to the most recent twelve months from the time of interview. The more comprehensive questions refer to the perception one had at the time the question was asked Regarding concerns about being a victim of crime, the questions about burglary and theft or vandalism of vehicles are the only ones that have been included in their present form every year since the survey was initiated, while the questions about concern about the rest of the offenses were added in conjunction with the revision of the survey in A total of 28 per cent of the population aged 16—84 state that they feel very unsafe or quite unsafe when going outdoors alone at night or that, as a consequence of feeling unsafe, they avoid going out alone at night.

The percentage decreased during the first period and the level is stable after that. However, in a significant increase occurred and the level has been stable after that. It is significantly more common for women to feel unsafe than for men.

The percentage of persons who feel unsafe is particularly high among the youngest and oldest women in the survey. A total of 80 per cent of the population aged 16—84 believe that the number of crimes in Sweden has increased over the past three years, which is a small decrease from , when the proportion was 82 per cent.

The first statutory law against rape in Sweden dates back to the 13th century. It was considered a serious crime, punishable by death until Rape is one of the most serious sexual crimes. Whoever by force or threat forces another person to a sexual act that seriously insulting sentenced for rape to imprisonment for between two and six years. The penalty for rape is imprisonment for not less than four and not more than ten years. The sexual act can be intercourse, but also other sexual acts because of coercion or other circumstances are serious offensive can lead to a person convicted of rape.

Anyone who exploits someone who is asleep, unconscious, drunk or under the influence of another drug, mentally disturbed, sick or otherwise is in a particularly vulnerable situation, was also convicted of rape.

In Sweden, case law also plays an important role in setting precedent on the application of the legislation. For example, a ruling by the Supreme Court decided that digital penetration of the vagina, on a woman who is intoxicated or sleeping, shall be regarded as an sexual act comparable to sexual intercourse, and is therefore an act of rape.

Ever since the collation of crime statistics was initiated by the Council of Europe , Sweden has had the highest number of registered rape offences in Europe by a considerable extent. In , Sweden registered almost three times the average number of rape offences registered in 35 European countries.

However, this does not necessarily mean rape is three times as likely to occur as in the rest of Europe, since cross-national comparisons of crime levels based on official crime statistics are problematic, due to a number of factors described below. There are three types of factors that determine the outcome of crime statistics: statistical factors , legal factors , and substantive factors.

Unlike the majority of countries in Europe, crime data in Sweden are collected when the offence in question is first reported, at which point the classification may be unclear. In Sweden, once an act has been registered as rape, it retains this classification in the published crime statistics, even if later investigations indicate that no crime can be proven or if the offence must be given an alternative judicial classification.

Sweden also applies a system of expansive offence counts. Other countries may employ more restrictive methods of counting. The Swedish police registers one offence for each person raped, and if one and the same person has been raped on a number of occasions, one offence is counted for each occasion that can be specified. For example, if a woman says she has been raped by her husband every day during a month, the Swedish police may record more than 30 cases of rape.

In many other countries only a single offence would be counted in such a situation. In Sweden, crime statistics refer to the year when the offence was reported; the actual offence may have been committed long before. Swedish rape statistics can thus contain significant time-lag, which makes interpretations of annual changes difficult. The way the crime itself is defined and various related aspects of the judicial process affect the registration of offences in the official statistics.

In Sweden, the definition of rape has been successively widened over the years, leading to an ever-larger number of sexual assaults being classified as rape. Changes in the legal process has also affected the number of reports. Until , rape was only prosecuted in cases where the victim was prepared to press charges, with an additional restriction of a six months time limit.

This resulted in numerous cases of rape and sexual assault going unreported. The Swedish prosecution system is governed by the principle of legality and the "equality principle", which means that as a rule, the police and the prosecution service are required to register and prosecute all offences of which they become aware. This can be assumed to lead to a more frequent registration of offences than in systems with the inverse "expediency principle", where the classification of offences is negotiable on the basis of plea bargaining , and the prosecutor has the right not to prosecute, even when a prosecution would be technically possible.

Willingness to report crime also affects the statistics. A police force and judicial system enjoining a high level of confidence and a good reputation with the public will produce a higher propensity to report crime than a police force which is discredited, inspires fear or distrust. The findings of the International Crime Victims Survey ICVS indicate that the respondents' satisfaction with the police is above average in Sweden, with almost no experience of corruption.

Widely differing legal systems, offence definitions, terminological variations, recording practices and statistical conventions makes any cross-national comparison on rape statistics difficult. Large-scale victimisation surveys have been presented as a more reliable indicator. The high number of reported rapes in Sweden can partly be explained by the comparatively broad definition of rape, the method of which the Swedish police record rapes, a high confidence in the criminal justice system, and an effort by the Government to decrease the number of unreported rapes.

The UNODC itself discourages any cross-national comparisons based on their reports, because of the differences that exist between legal definitions, methods of offense counting and crime reporting.

In Sweden there is a comparatively broad definition of what constitutes rape. This means that more sexual crimes are registered as rape than in most other countries. For this reason, criminologists tend to recommend crime comparisons between countries based on large surveys of the general public, so-called victim surveys. In the 5 preceding years there were escalating levels compared to the — period where the level was relatively stable.

The increase in self-reported victimisation was greater among women than among men.