Unionsexpressen

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Ofotbanen Drift AS, trading as Ofotbanen, was a Norwegian passenger and freight railway company. The company operated a fleet of six locomotives, three multiple units, 22 passenger and 48 freight cars. The sole service was the passenger train Unionsexpressen between Oslo. Unionsexpressen was an intercity train service provided between Oslo and Stockholm, the capitals of Norway and Sweden. The first-class only service was. Web Analysis for Unionsexpressen - optoma-hd33.info threats were reported recently by users, optoma-hd33.info is SAFE to browse.

The sole service was the passenger train Unionsexpressen between Oslo and Stockholm; it had previously offered freight haulage on contract. The company. English: The Unionsexpressen train (going from Stockholm to Oslo) at Norsk bokmål: Unionsexpressen (på vei fra Stockholm til Oslo) på Lillestrøm stasjon. This website uses cookies to maximize your experience and help us to understand how we can improve it. By continuing to use this website you consent to the.

Runs between Oslo and Stockholm, optoma-hd33.info Unionsexpressen was an intercity train service provided between Oslo and Stockholm, the capitals of Norway and Sweden. The first-class only service was. English: The Unionsexpressen train (going from Stockholm to Oslo) at Norsk bokmål: Unionsexpressen (på vei fra Stockholm til Oslo) på Lillestrøm stasjon.






The unionsexpreseen operated a fleet of six locomotives, three multiple units, 22 passenger and 48 freight cars. The sole service was the passenger train Unionsexpressen between Oslo and Stockholm; it had previously offered freight haulage on contract. Unionsexpressen following year it entered the unionsexprssen market, in particular with timber trains for Norske Skog. It further expanded into other services, such as charter trips. Inthe company almost went bankrupt, and was taken over by Rail Management.

In April the company started service with the Unionexpressen between Oslo and Stockholm. The company went bankrupt in October, but was immediately re-established as Ofotbanen Drift. In Maythe new company filed for unionsexpressne. The company was based in Narvika city that is only connected to the rest of the Norwegian railway network through Sweden.

The service unionsexpressen a cooperation between Ofotbanen and the Unlonsexpressen company Scandinavian Railway. In competition with SJit operates one daily round trip, in 5 hours 45 minutes, between Oslo and Stockholm, using renovated stock unionseexpressen the s.

While more expensive than SJ, the service aims at being more luxurious. One of the four cars is a traditional dining carand the company markets the product as a first-class only service. The service has not operated since 7 Octoberdue to the bankruptcy in Ofotbanen, and SJ no longer uninosexpressen willing to rent out locomotives to the company.

The company had five Di 3 diesel locomotives, [3] and a single El 13 electric locomotive. Of these, 19 were timber cars. All motorized stock was used stock that NSB has chosen to take out of service.

Ofotbanen AS was founded on 20 March The purchase raised controversy, because the potential operator Banetransport had offered full unionsexpressn price for the trains. NSB paid the whole purchase price for the six-month rental.

InNSB announced that they wanted to discontinue their operations unionsexpressem Narvik, hoping they could leave unionsexpreasen of passenger trains on the Ofot Line to Ofotbanen.

From 15 June, Ofotbanen took over all passenger transport on unionsexprezsen line, including employing all former NSB employees in Narvik. Inthe company managed to cover it costs, and the company stated that it hoped to have a revenue of NOK 30 million the following year, through an ambitious expansion plan.

A private offering for NOK 8 million was unionsexpressen to allow this expansion. This was the first time such permission was unionsepressen to a different company than NSB or its subsidiaries. Ofotbanen had just won the public tender for the contract, and the company threatened to take the municipality to court for violation of competition laws.

The unionsexpresseh was soon resolved, without the courts being involved. By Novemberthe largest owners of Ofotbanen were Cargo Nor In addition, employees had bought shares for more than NOK 1 million.

During a general meeting on 13 Decembera capital placement was initiated for NOK 5. Inthe company had a revenue of NOK 20 million. The trains would continue to Drammen when necessary. The extraordinary traffic unionsexprdssen needed to clean up after the Gudrun storm, and the contract gave a revenue of NOK 20 million.

In AprilOfotbanen declared that they were in severe financial difficulties. Accounts payable were giving liquidity problems, and Ofotbanen announced that they needed more capital, estimated at NOK 8 million.

Ofotbanen uunionsexpressen then been losing money unionsexpressen since the start-up in ; init had a unionsexpressen of NOK 4 million of a NOK 20 million revenue. This made Autolink Ofotbanen's largest customer. Johnsen, stated that the inspectorate did not believe that Ofotbanen was taking safety seriously. From the beginning ofOfotbanen lost two important contracts.

This included a subsidy of NOK 3. Therefore, SJ started operating trains all the way to Narvik, and Ofotbanen lost the contract of operating the trains on the Norwegian side of the border. Ofotbanen had unionsexpresden receiving NOK 4. With the termination of NSB and SJ cooperation Linx on the Oslo—Stockholm route in JanuaryOfotbanen announced they would be willing to take over operation of the route from the summer. By then, SJ had already reopened its route on the line.

The necessary certificates were granted on 10 April, and the first trial run was made the following day. Ordinary service started on 25 April, though without the dining unionsexpressem. The initial price was NOKand travel time inionsexpressen 5 hours 45 minutes. The trains have four cars, of which three are regular open seating, and unionsexpressenn is a dining car. The company stated that the service was jnionsexpressen to unilnsexpressen more luxurious than with SJ, including wider seating three instead of four abreast and a wooden interior.

The company markets the service as all first-class seating. The trains also had Wi-Fi. After the full service was unionsexpressen, the price increased to NOK Passenger numbers were at 35 per departure, not close to the capacity of 84, or the necessary annualunionsexpressen to make a profit. In JulyAutolink canceled their contract with Ofotbanen.

They stated that the deal with Ofotbanen was discontinued because Rail Management would not allow additional private unionsexpressen of capital, nor sell their shares to Autolink. The same day, all board members in Ofotbanen representing Autolink withdrew from their positions. The matter ended in court, concerning if Autolink should be allowed to take control over four train unionsedpressen that were located in locomotives owned by Autolink, but operated by Ofotbanen.

In a shareholder unionzexpressen between Autolink and Rail Management, the ownership of the train radios had been transferred to Autolink, but the agreement has clauses that specified that Autolink could not start a competing railway company.

Stating that Autolink had been ubionsexpressen with regard to the contract, Ofoten District Court ruled on unionsexpressen July uniosexpressen Autolink's demand for an interim order to transfer the possession of the radios to Autolink. Ofotbanen lost unionsexpeessen license from the Norwegian Railway Inspectorate on 7 October at This was because Ofotbanen had not documented necessary accounting fornor provided evidence of necessary liquidity.

Autolink had already founded their company Cargolink on 27 March, [62] [68] and received an operating and safety licence from the inspectorate on 18 September. Unionsexpressen after the bankruptcy, Rail Management established a new company, Ofotbanen Drift AS, to take over the estate in bankruptcy. They also stated that the cause of the bankruptcy was that Autolink had not let them make a private placement of NOK 10 million. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the railway line, see Ofot Line.

Former type. Main article: Unionsexpressen. Archived from the original on 8 October Retrieved 24 January Archived from the original on 28 September Archived from the original on 4 August Archived from the original on 5 August Archived from the original on unionsepressen August Archived from the original on 11 December Archived from the original on 5 January Retrieved 12 January Aftenposten in Norwegian.

Archived from the original on 24 May Unionsexpressen from the original on 21 October Archived from the original on 21 July Norwegian News Agency. Oppland Arbeiderblad in Norwegian. Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 4 December Harstad Tidende. Rana Blad in Norwegian. Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation in Norwegian. Ofotens Tidende in Norwegian.

Unionsexpressen from the original on 24 July Ny Teknik in Swedish. Archived from the original on 16 March Aktuell in Norwegian. Archived from the original on 10 June Archived from the original on 22 July Aftenposten Aften. Verdens Gang in Norwegian. Archived from the original on 4 September Din Side in Norwegian.

Kongsvinger fortress was founded in , a star-shaped plan was laid out for the fortress. Work began in and it was finished in as part of a general upgrade to Norwegian fortresses; the building of the fortress formed the foundations for what was to become the town of Kongsvinger. The fortress was built as a defensive structure against the Swedes , on numerous occasions there have been military engagements in the area around the fortress, but Kongsvinger fortress has never been taken in military combat.

Kongsvinger Museum is located here, together with a museum of female emancipation in a building called " Rolighed ", the home of Dagny Juel , the famous author once portrayed by Edvard Munch.

The area is called Finnskogen , "The Finnish forest". Kongsvinger played an important part in the Norwegian resistance force against the Nazis being a gateway to Sweden.

In , Kongsvinger and the surrounding municipalities of Vinger and Brandval were united into the present Kongsvinger Municipality. Kongsvinger has city status, is thereby both city and township, governed by a town council under a mayor, elected by popular vote. There are appointed executive officials, such as town commissioner or town director, chief executive of the municipality, its plus workforce.

There are 1, businesses including forestry and farming, of these are retail outlets. There are 25, square metres of mall situated in the downtown area; as well as downtown shopping streets, there are glass domed pedestrian shopping streets. The governmental regional hospital is situated in Kongsvinger. Kongsvinger is situated on both sides of the river Glomma , where the south-flowing river takes a sharp northwestward turn; the Kongsvinger Fortress is the main landmark, situated on a hill west and north of the river.

To the east it borders to Sweden. Kongsvinger is about kilometres from Oslo and 70 kilometres from Oslo Airport, Gardermoen ; the downtown area of Kongsvinger is being refurbished with a new public library being built, the town square being given a face lift.

There are plans for a new hotel to be built in conjunction to the refurbishment of the down town area as well as for the construction of two new shopping centres; these plans are part of the overall strategy of the city council to make Kongsvinger more attractive to tourists and potential new residents.

Subdivisions Several daily train services to Oslo Twice daily train services to Stockholm, Sweden Five daily train services to Karlstad, Sweden Hourly bus services to Oslo and Oslo Airport, Gardermoen Several daily bus services to Elverum and Charlottenberg , Sweden Suburban bus services running throughout the city of Kongsvinger Four lane highway between Kongsvinger and Oslo is under construction.

Norway Norway the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe whose territory comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the kingdom.

Norway lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land. Norway has a total area of , square kilometres and a population of 5,,; the country shares a long eastern border with Sweden. Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, the Skagerrak strait to the south, with Denmark on the other side.

Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the Barents Sea. Erna Solberg has been prime minister since A unitary sovereign state with a constitutional monarchy, Norway divides state power between the parliament, the cabinet and the supreme court, as determined by the constitution; the kingdom was established in as a merger of a large number of petty kingdoms and has existed continuously for 1, years. From to , Norway was a part of the Kingdom of Denmark-Norway , from to , it was in a personal union with the Kingdom of Sweden.

Norway was neutral during the First World War. Norway remained neutral until April when the country was invaded and occupied by Germany until the end of Second World War. Norway maintains close ties with both the United States. Norway maintains the Nordic welfare model with universal health care and a comprehensive social security system, its values are rooted in egalitarian ideals; the Norwegian state has large ownership positions in key industrial sectors, having extensive reserves of petroleum , natural gas, lumber and fresh water.

The petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country's gross domestic product. On a per-capita basis, Norway is the world's largest producer of oil and natural gas outside of the Middle East ; the country has the fourth-highest per capita income in the world on the World IMF lists.

Norway has had the highest Human Development Index ranking in the world since , a position held between and , it had the highest inequality-adjusted ranking until when Iceland moved to the top of the list. Norway has one of the lowest crime rates in the world. There is some disagreement about whether the native name of Norway had the same etymology as the English form. In France normanni or northmanni referred to people of Sweden or Denmark ; until around inhabitants of Western Norway where referred to as nordmenn while inhabitants of Eastern Norway where referred to as austmenn.

The interpretation as "northern", as reflected in the English and Latin forms of the name, would have been due to folk etymology. Among other arguments in favour of the theor. Dining car A dining car or a restaurant car a diner, is a railroad passenger car that serves meals in the manner of a full-service, sit-down restaurant.

It is distinct from other railroad food service cars that do not duplicate the full-service restaurant experience, such as buffet cars, cars in which one purchases food from a walk-up counter to be consumed either within the car or elsewhere in the train. Grill cars, in which customers sit on stools at a counter and purchase and consume food cooked on a grill behind the counter are considered to be an "intermediate" type of dining car. Before dining cars in passenger trains were common in the United States , a rail passenger's option for meal service in transit was to patronize one of the roadhouses located near the railroad's "water stops".

Fare consisted of rancid meat, cold beans, old coffee; such poor conditions discouraged many from making the journey. Most railroads began offering meal service on trains before the First Transcontinental Railroad. By the mids, dedicated dining cars were a normal part of long-distance trains from Chicago to points west, save those of the Santa Fe Railway, which relied on America's first interstate network of restaurants to feed passengers en route.

The " Harvey Houses ", located strategically along the line, served top-quality meals to railroad patrons during water stops and other planned layovers and were favored over in-transit facilities for all trains operating west of Kansas City. As competition among railroads intensified, dining car service was taken to new levels; when the Santa Fe unveiled its new Pleasure Dome lounge cars in , the railroad introduced the travelling public to the Turquoise Room, promoted as "The only private dining room in the world on rails.

The room was used by celebrities and dignitaries traveling on the Super Chief. Edwin Kachel was a steward for more than twenty-five years in the Dining-Car Department of the Great Northern Railway , he said that "on a dining car, three elements can be considered -- the equipment, the employee passenger. As cross-country train travel became more commonplace, passengers began to expect high-quality food to be served at the meals on board.

The level of meal service on trains in the s and s rivaled that of high-end restaurants and clubs, they were first introduced in England on 1 November by the Great Northern Railway Company on services between Leeds and London. In one of the most common dining car configurations, one end of the car contains a galley while the other end has table or booth seating on either side of a center aisle. Trains with high demand for dining car services sometimes feature "double-unit dining cars" consisting of two adjacent cars functioning to some extent as a single entity with one car containing a galley plus table or booth seating and the other car containing table or booth seating only.

In the dining cars of Amtrak's modern bilevel Superliner trains, booth seating on either side of a center aisle occupies the entire upper level, while the galley is below. Dining cars enhance the familiar restaurant experience with the unique visual entertainment of the ever-changing view. While dining cars are less common today than in the past they still play a significant role in passenger railroading on medium- and long-distance trains.

Today, a number of tourist-oriented railroads offer dinner excursions to capitalize on the public's fascination with the dining car experience. This practise comes from the early 20th Century.

Despite the introduction of modern tram units, 4 trams still have a Bistrowagen and operate every weekday. Foster, George H.. Longstreet Press, Atlanta, GA.

ISBN Luckin, Richard W.. Luckin, Richard W. Super Chief: Speed-Style-Service. CS1 m. Rail transport Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails known as tracks. It is commonly referred to as train transport. In contrast to road transport, where vehicles run on a prepared flat surface, rail vehicles are directionally guided by the tracks on which they run.

Tracks consist of steel rails, installed on ties and ballast , on which the rolling stock fitted with metal wheels, moves. Other variations are possible, such as slab track, where the rails are fastened to a concrete foundation resting on a prepared subsurface.

Rolling stock in a rail transport system encounters lower frictional resistance than road vehicles, so passenger and freight cars can be coupled into longer trains; the operation is carried out by a railway company, providing transport between train stations or freight customer facilities.

Power is provided by locomotives which either draw electric power from a railway electrification system or produce their own power by diesel engines. Most tracks are accompanied by a signalling system. Railways are a safe land transport system.

Rail transport commenced in mid 16th century in Germany in the form of horse-powered funiculars and wagonways. Modern rail transport commenced with the British development of the steam locomotives in the early 19th century, thus the railway system in Great Britain is the oldest in the world. George Stephenson built the first public inter-city railway line in the world to use only the steam locomotives all the time, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway which opened in With steam engines, one could construct mainline railways, which were a key component of the Industrial Revolution.

The company was based in Narvik , a city that is only connected to the rest of the Norwegian railway network through Sweden. The service was a cooperation between Ofotbanen and the Swedish company Scandinavian Railway.

In competition with SJ , it operates one daily round trip, in 5 hours 45 minutes, between Oslo and Stockholm, using renovated stock from the s. While more expensive than SJ, the service aims at being more luxurious.

One of the four cars is a traditional dining car , and the company markets the product as a first-class only service. The service has not operated since 7 October , due to the bankruptcy in Ofotbanen, and SJ no longer being willing to rent out locomotives to the company. The company had five Di 3 diesel locomotives, [3] and a single El 13 electric locomotive. Of these, 19 were timber cars. All motorized stock was used stock that NSB has chosen to take out of service.

Ofotbanen AS was founded on 20 March The purchase raised controversy, because the potential operator Banetransport had offered full market price for the trains. NSB paid the whole purchase price for the six-month rental. In , NSB announced that they wanted to discontinue their operations in Narvik, hoping they could leave operation of passenger trains on the Ofot Line to Ofotbanen.

From 15 June, Ofotbanen took over all passenger transport on the line, including employing all former NSB employees in Narvik. In , the company managed to cover it costs, and the company stated that it hoped to have a revenue of NOK 30 million the following year, through an ambitious expansion plan.

A private offering for NOK 8 million was issued to allow this expansion. This was the first time such permission was granted to a different company than NSB or its subsidiaries. Ofotbanen had just won the public tender for the contract, and the company threatened to take the municipality to court for violation of competition laws.

The matter was soon resolved, without the courts being involved. By November , the largest owners of Ofotbanen were Cargo Nor In addition, employees had bought shares for more than NOK 1 million. During a general meeting on 13 December , a capital placement was initiated for NOK 5. In , the company had a revenue of NOK 20 million. The trains would continue to Drammen when necessary. The extraordinary traffic was needed to clean up after the Gudrun storm, and the contract gave a revenue of NOK 20 million.

In April , Ofotbanen declared that they were in severe financial difficulties. Accounts payable were giving liquidity problems, and Ofotbanen announced that they needed more capital, estimated at NOK 8 million.

Ofotbanen had then been losing money continually since the start-up in ; in , it had a deficit of NOK 4 million of a NOK 20 million revenue.

This made Autolink Ofotbanen's largest customer. Johnsen, stated that the inspectorate did not believe that Ofotbanen was taking safety seriously. From the beginning of , Ofotbanen lost two important contracts. This included a subsidy of NOK 3. Therefore, SJ started operating trains all the way to Narvik, and Ofotbanen lost the contract of operating the trains on the Norwegian side of the border.

Ofotbanen had been receiving NOK 4. With the termination of NSB and SJ cooperation Linx on the Oslo—Stockholm route in January , Ofotbanen announced they would be willing to take over operation of the route from the summer. By then, SJ had already reopened its route on the line.

The necessary certificates were granted on 10 April, and the first trial run was made the following day. Ordinary service started on 25 April, though without the dining car. The initial price was NOK , and travel time was 5 hours 45 minutes. The trains have four cars, of which three are regular open seating, and one is a dining car. The company stated that the service was meant to be more luxurious than with SJ, including wider seating three instead of four abreast and a wooden interior.

The first-class only service was operated by company Unionsexpressen Scandinavian Railway AB , while haulage and Norwegian representation was operated by Ofotbanen.

The first trial runs of the Unionsexpressen started on 11 April , with regular service commencing on 15 June. Operations were terminated on 7 October, following the bankruptcy of Ofotbanen. Unionsexpressen was an all first-class intercity service which operates between Oslo and Stockholm. The express competes with the X service provided by SJ.

The latter has a somewhat longer travel time, since it makes more stops along the way. Each train had four cars, of which three were open seating, and one was a dining car. The service had higher prices than the SJ service, but instead offers more luxury. The founders stated that the service is inspired by the Orient Express. With a full restaurant on board, fresh-made meals can be purchased, along with beverages. The seating compartments are newly renovated, with wooden interior, three-abreast seating and Wi-Fi.

On weekdays, there was a single daily round trip, leaving Oslo in the morning, and returning in the afternoon. Travel time from Oslo to Stockholm was 5 hours and 25 minutes. With the termination of NSB's and SJ's cooperation Linx on the Oslo—Stockholm route in January , Ofotbanen announced they would be willing to take over operation of the route from the summer.