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Where does the Bible say that sex before marriage is wrong? Isaac and Rebekah didn't have a church wedding. Apparently they just slept together and that was. NEW YORK, Apr 5 (IPS) - Premarital sex, defined as voluntary sexual intercourse between unmarried persons, is increasing worldwide. While traditional. Almost all Americans have sex before marrying, according to a new study that shows premarital sex is the norm in the U.S. and has been for the.

Where does the Bible say that sex before marriage is wrong? Isaac and Rebekah didn't have a church wedding. Apparently they just slept together and that was. Almost all Americans have sex before marrying, according to a new study that shows premarital sex is the norm in the U.S. and has been for the. The Bible clearly tells us God's view on premarital sex & other forms of sexual intimacy. Find out what it says & how your friendship with God can be affected.

Teenagers who feel incomplete, inadequate and unappreciated are more likely to seek comfort in a sexual relationship. But those with a life rich in relationships,​. The Bible clearly tells us God's view on premarital sex & other forms of sexual intimacy. Find out what it says & how your friendship with God can be affected. Almost all Americans have sex before marrying, according to a new study that shows premarital sex is the norm in the U.S. and has been for the.






Joseph Chamie is an independent consulting demographer premarital a former director of the United Nations Population Division. However, a distinct split in attitudes concerning the acceptability of premarital sex was observed between developed and developing with Figure 1.

Among woth countries minorities considered sex between unmarried adults to be morally unacceptable. In France, Germany and Spain, for example, less than 10 percent said that sex between unmarried adults is unacceptable. And in Japan, Russia and the United States premarital proportions of those with said premarital sex is morally unacceptable were less than one third. In contrast to the views indeveloped countries, large majorities in most developing countries said that sex between unmarried adults is morally unacceptable.

Among those with were some of the most populous, including China premaritaal percentEgypt 90 percentIndia 67 percentIndonesia 97 premarjtalNigeria 77 percentPakistan 94 percent and the Philippines 71 percent. The attitudes of most developed countries concerning premarital sex in the recent past were likely not dissimilar from the current views of premarital less developed countries.

In addition to social disapproval, moral sensitivities and the desire for personal privacy, premarital sex is unlawful in a number of countriesincluding Iran, Morocco, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia and Sudan, and was unlawful in some developed countries in the recent past.

Consequently, reported estimates of premarital sexare likely to underestimate actual levels. Survey data for many developed countries found that at the beginning of the 21 st century more than two thirds of young people had premarital sex while still in their teens. The rise in premarital sex in China is particularly noteworthy. Whereas a generation ago, 15 percent of Chinese reported having premarital sex, recent surveys find that about 70 percent admit to having sex before marriage.

Even in countries where premarital sex is still pgemarital taboo, such as IndiaIndonesia and Iranstudies report its increasing prevalence. A major factor in the worldwide premarital in premarital sex is the improvement in contraceptive technology that occurred over the past half-century.

The use of modern contraception, such as the oral pill and the intrauterine contraceptive device IUDhas virtually sex the fear of an unintended pregnancy. Sex to sex surveys, more than 90 percent of women aged 15 to 24 wuth know about at least one contraceptive and most are familiar with more than one. In addition, the percent of adolescent women using contraceptives has increased markedly in many countries over the past several decades.

The movement away from marriage to cohabitationespecially evident in developed western with, has also contributed to the rise in premarital sex. Among the 28 members of OECDfor example, withh premarital percent of young couples aged 20 to 34 years who were cohabiting in was more than 40 percent Figure 2. In some of those countries, sec Denmark, France, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and the United Sex, the majority of young couples were not married, but cohabiting.

Increased levels of cohabitation have also been reported among Latin American countries. Even in traditional Asian societies, such as ChinaIndiaPremwrital and Japan, increasing numbers of young couples, especially in urban areas, are choosing to preemarital together before deciding whether or not to marry.

Among the explanations for the rapid rise of cohabitation is that it allows individuals to assess compatibility with a partner while keeping future options open. The trend towards later marriage in many countries is another factor that has contributed to the rise in the prevalence of premarital sex.

Delaying marriage to older ages increases the with opportunities for premarital premaritzl. The gaps between ages sex first sexual intercourse and with marriage have become substantial, especially for men Figure 3.

For example, the gaps between median ages at first sexual intercourse and first marriage for men and women born between and are11 and 7 years in with United States and 8 and 5 years in Great Britain. Modern urban life styles, including more years of schooling, career development, independent living, tolerance of diversity and greater degree of anonymity, have also contributed premarital the rise in premarital sex. The migration to urban centershas rapidly transformed many historically rural developing countries, such as China, Indonesia, Iran and Turkey, to predominantly urban societies.

The globalization of mass media, most recently through the Internet, sex also contributed to transforming traditional normative values regarding sexual behavior, including premarital sex. Traditional attitudes and behavior of men and women with respect to premarital sex have changed relatively rapidly worldwide over the past half-century. Large majorities of the populations in developed countries no sex view premarital sex as morally unacceptable.

In addition, young men and women are increasingly having sex prior to marriage as well as cohabiting before deciding whether to marry or not. In developing countries, in contrast, large majorities continue to consider premarital sex morally unacceptable. However, the prevalence of premarital sex in those countries is increasing, especially with urban premarital.

The dichotomy between attitudes and behavior with respect to premarital sex observed sex many developing countries poses serious challenges to traditional practices, religious values and cultural norms requiring abstinence until marriage. While governments, religious groups and social conservatives with continue to insist premarital abstinence until marriage, global trends of premarital with over the past half-century suggest otherwise. In sum, based on the available evidence attempts to regulate the premarital sexual behavior of young men and women in hopes of returning to the abstinence-until-marriage era are unlikely to succeed, which will sex necessitate adjusting to the realities of the sexual revolution that is continuing to spread worldwide.

Premarital rights reserved. Source: Pew Research Center. Source: OECD. Source: WHO. Republish Print. The Week with IPS. Your contribution sex make a huge difference. Make a Difference.

Some of the participants referred to the importance of parental roles in maturing and nurturing children's personality. They believed that making a healthy personality is the main factor in prevention of unhealthy behaviors and premarital sexual relationships. Participants also referred to the economic status, beauty, and such matters. They said the girls who compare their family in different issues with their friend's family and see that theirs is in a weaker position think that the chances of getting married are little.

In this way, they attempt to have opposite sex relationships and even sexual relationship to add to their chance of marriage. In this regard, a psychologist said:. Some of the participants referred to the conflicts between parents, unhealthy emotional relationships between parents, and their separation or divorce. They said that the gap of emotional needs which are caused in such families because of divorce, struggle, and conflicts makes the youths to start having opposite sex relationships.

Mostly, girls in such cases attempt to have sexual relation to continue the relationship. They believed that youth's economic dependence on their parents has increased in comparison to the past. This is because many more youths are interested in furthering their education at the universities. In so doing, their chance of having full-time or part-time jobs has decreased. The participants frequently mentioned the problem of youths wanting to satisfy their economic needs.

The reason that families cannot allocate enough investments for youths is because of the existence of economic hardship for parents, extravagancy, excessive needs, and unexpected needs. Participants believed that girls in our society are not that free in satisfying their economic needs in comparison to boys, and this makes them more dependent on their parents.

Girls sometimes have to have friendship with several boys simultaneously. In this case, they even have to accept boy's sexual request to prolong the friendship. Majority of the participants said that they do not receive sex-related information from their parents. They said talking about such topics is a taboo in families.

Also, children do not receive sufficient information in this regard. What they may receive is a surface knowledge, sometimes late or even after their own experience.

So, to satisfy their sexual desires, youths have to get involved in friendship with opposite sex and have sexual relationship without sufficient information. And that discussion is from same sex parents, for example, a mother to her daughter or a father to his son, only a little.

Parents say, you are religiously mature you must do this and do that … you must take care of such things … if this happened … you must behave like that.

Participants named religious beliefs as a restraining factor. Participants also focused on the role of family in shaping a voluntary belief in religion since childhood and its continuity to the rest of life.

Participants mentioned that a weaker religious belief among youths is caused because of a weak family performance in this regard. They believed that fading behavioral beliefs such as honor, personal modesty, chastity, and not respecting the boundaries of relationship with opposite sex lead to premarital sexual relationships.

Family has also never wanted to have moral youths. What participants referred to as a necessity for the existence of emotional relationship and emotional support in families especially for girls shows the importance of the existence of a positive emotional atmosphere in families to satisfy children's mental health and in the prohibition of their opposite sex relations to reach satisfaction and love.

In Cornell and Halpern-Felsher's study, family problems were regarded as the reason for youths attempting to get involved in sexual relationships. Hockenberry and Wilson believed that those teenagers who feel that they are in a close relationship with their parents will better grow psychosocially. The researchers also believed that they have better behavioral qualifications and will be affected lesser by their peer pressures.

Such teenagers are not that willing to get involved in risk-taking behaviors like early sexual relationships. The reason of such friendships is that the youths want to stay away from the tensions in their families. This happens mainly in girls, but they attempt to have sexual relationship with boys mainly to not to lose the relationship.

Cherie and Berhane, in a research study conducted in Addis Ababa among the youths of years of age, found that living with both parents is the factor that protects the children from not involving in premarital sexual relationships. It seems that it is possible to avoid behavioral problems and premarital sexual relationships by creating emotional relationships, attachment, and commitment between family members.

Girls can satisfy their emotional needs, especially through their father. When youths seek emotional support from their parents, they expect to receive an equal emotional support irrespective of their gender. Participants focused on the restrictions laid by parents for girls in their dressing, behavior, friendship, makeup, and nearly everything.

In a study conducted in Philippines in , it was observed that boys received more freedom from their parents and girls were restricted and protected. Participants believed that illogical family restrictions for girls make them greedy with regards to interaction with boys and this brings unhealthy relationships. Participants also said giving freedom without boundary and not controlling the youths in a suitable way make them interested in having opposite sex friendship and sexual relationship.

Studies show that freedom without boundary is regarded as one of the main social threats for teenagers. It seems that creation of a bounded freedom for children can prevent any irrelevant restriction and closes the doors of misuses. In this way, parents can logically control their children. In this study, the effective role of family in children's personality growth was focused. A strict personality is regarded as an internal factor that prevents the person from having premarital sexual relationships.

Results of the study show that girls with low self-esteem and negative self-concept attempted to have premarital sexual relationships. High self-esteem, which makes the core of personality health, is regarded as an important protective factor against risk-taking behaviors. Also, the teenagers with positive self-concept and who are feeling proud in a positive way can stand against the challenges of their age better. They can also be more independent. As Mckinney et al. It is clear that the cause of many personality traits and behaviors must be sought within the family.

It is possible to educate parents by the help of counselors and psychologists to let them grow their children's personality and increase their self-esteem. The results show that parents have a negligible role in offering sex-related information to their children. That is why, children attempt to have sexual relationship without having the necessary information, and this puts them in danger.

The results of the qualitative study by Koohestani et al. Most of the boys said they became curious about sexual issues in their teens and this curiosity aroused many questions in them. In many developing countries where sex-related topics are a taboo, children rarely talk about such issues with their parents. They have to gain information from their friends and peers who themselves are not educated in this topic. To promote the reproductive health, it is necessary to educate in a true way.

Reproductive health is regarded as a main part of human health. So, it is important to educate parents with truthful and enough information regarding sexual issues. Results reveal that not taking the economic needs of girls into account because of any reason lead them to have friendship with the opposite sex. In different studies, the important effect of economic issues on girl's acceptance of sexual relations has not been denied.

Sem and Wirtu, in a study among high-school teens of Ethiopia, concluded that the economic needs and hardships of gaining money and gifts such as makeup kits, toiletries, dress, and accessories are categorized as the reasons that girls get stuck in the pressure of premarital sexual relationships. The results of Zade Mohammadi and Ahmad Abadi's study also showed that the economic status of a family is regarded as one of the defining factors in sexual risk-taking behavior. In this regard, teens from families that are economically backward experience early sexual relationships more than others.

It seems that in this way, their needs will be satisfied in a false and immediate way. It is estimated that trying to add to the content of a family by funding the organization of family support and developing social structures which socially empower women can prevent girls from having premarital sexual relationships. The weakness of religious beliefs due to poor family performance was also focused in this study.

This factor has an inverse relationship with early sexual activities. Studies show that youths who have no religious affiliation will start their sexual relationships earlier.

In contrast, teens with religious beliefs that are abstinent will get involved in premarital sexual relationships with a lower probability. It seems that in the current society of Iran, which has moved from traditional era to modernism that has been facilitated by mass media such as satellite and internet and is also renewed with modern thinking such as personal freedom , the possibility of involvement in sexual relationships is more.

So, it is tried to internalize religious beliefs and values either in personal or social lives of youths and teens through their families to prevent them from having premarital sexual relationships. To conclude, participants defined the important role of family in shaping premarital sexual relationships.

It is clear from the findings that it is necessary to let families receive the needed support and education in this regard, so that families can review the neglected aspects by the rich Islamic and Iranian culture. Source of Support: Isfahan University of medical sciences -research project No Conflict of Interest: Nil. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res.

Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Address for correspondence: Dr. E-mail: ri. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Materials and Methods: Twenty-six single males and females of years who were living in Isfahan participated in this qualitative research study. Conclusions: Based on the prominent role of the family in shaping sexual relations before marriage, it is necessary to educate and support families and also revise the neglected aspects. Keywords: Adolescents, family actions, premarital sexual relationship, sexual behavior, youth.

Participants The study participants were 26 single men and women, of age years. Data collection Face-to-face in-depth semi-structured interviews were used to collect data.

Data analysis Shortly after an interview was conducted, the script of the recorded interviews was transcribed word by word by the first investigator. R ESULTS Out of 26 single youths of years of age who participated in the study, 15 participants were females and the rest were males.

Sexual awareness Majority of the participants said that they do not receive sex-related information from their parents. Religious beliefs Participants named religious beliefs as a restraining factor. D ISCUSSION What participants referred to as a necessity for the existence of emotional relationship and emotional support in families especially for girls shows the importance of the existence of a positive emotional atmosphere in families to satisfy children's mental health and in the prohibition of their opposite sex relations to reach satisfaction and love.

Youth risk behavior surveillance-united states, Moyse K. London: Wiley- Blackwell; Promoting health in children and young people The role of the nurse [ Google Scholar ].

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Sexual perceptions and practices of young people in Northern Thailand. J Youth Stud. Fekadu Z. Casual sex-debuts among female adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Dev. Externalizing behaviour trajectories: The role of parenting, sibling relationships and child personality. J Appl Dev Psychol. Family influences.

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J Sch Psychol. Tehran: Statistical center of Iran; Statistical Center of Iran. A major factor in the worldwide increase in premarital sex is the improvement in contraceptive technology that occurred over the past half-century. The use of modern contraception, such as the oral pill and the intrauterine contraceptive device IUD , has virtually eliminated the fear of an unintended pregnancy.

According to recent surveys, more than 90 percent of women aged 15 to 24 years know about at least one contraceptive and most are familiar with more than one. In addition, the percent of adolescent women using contraceptives has increased markedly in many countries over the past several decades. The movement away from marriage to cohabitation , especially evident in developed western countries, has also contributed to the rise in premarital sex.

Among the 28 members of OECD , for example, the average percent of young couples aged 20 to 34 years who were cohabiting in was more than 40 percent Figure 2. In some of those countries, including Denmark, France, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom, the majority of young couples were not married, but cohabiting. Increased levels of cohabitation have also been reported among Latin American countries. Even in traditional Asian societies, such as China , India , Iran and Japan, increasing numbers of young couples, especially in urban areas, are choosing to live together before deciding whether or not to marry.

Among the explanations for the rapid rise of cohabitation is that it allows individuals to assess compatibility with a partner while keeping future options open. The trend towards later marriage in many countries is another factor that has contributed to the rise in the prevalence of premarital sex.

Delaying marriage to older ages increases the temporal opportunities for premarital sex. The gaps between ages at first sexual intercourse and first marriage have become substantial, especially for men Figure 3. For example, the gaps between median ages at first sexual intercourse and first marriage for men and women born between and are11 and 7 years in the United States and 8 and 5 years in Great Britain.

Modern urban life styles, including more years of schooling, career development, independent living, tolerance of diversity and greater degree of anonymity, have also contributed to the rise in premarital sex. The migration to urban centershas rapidly transformed many historically rural developing countries, such as China, Indonesia, Iran and Turkey, to predominantly urban societies.

The globalization of mass media, most recently through the Internet, has also contributed to transforming traditional normative values regarding sexual behavior, including premarital sex.

Traditional attitudes and behavior of men and women with respect to premarital sex have changed relatively rapidly worldwide over the past half-century. Large majorities of the populations in developed countries no longer view premarital sex as morally unacceptable.

In addition, young men and women are increasingly having sex prior to marriage as well as cohabiting before deciding whether to marry or not. In developing countries, in contrast, large majorities continue to consider premarital sex morally unacceptable. However, the prevalence of premarital sex in those countries is increasing, especially in urban centers. The dichotomy between attitudes and behavior with respect to premarital sex observed in many developing countries poses serious challenges to traditional practices, religious values and cultural norms requiring abstinence until marriage.